Diabetes is an increasingly common condition that affects over 400 million people worldwide.
Today is World Diabetes Day, and we’re happy to join the movement and spread knowledge and awareness about diabetes, and answer the question: what is the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes?
What is diabetes?
Diabetes affects the body’s production of insulin, or more specifically, how the body can make use of the insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps the body transform glucose from food into energy. Insulin is produced in the pancreas.
When the body can’t produce or use insulin as it should, the glucose levels become too high. This is called hyperglycemia, and can be very damaging to the body.
You have probably heard of the two types of diabetes, known as type 1 (T1) and type 2 (T2). But do you know what the difference is between the two types?
Here are the 4 main differences between diabetes type 1 and type 2:
Diabetes Type 1
- Least common – but most severe type of diabetes
- Develops as the immune system attacks the own body’s pancreas, where insulin is created. The body can’t produce any insulin on its own, making it dependent on insulin injections to function
- Most common in children and teenagers, but can develop at any age
- The causes of type 1 diabetes are not fully understood
Diabetes Type 2
- The most common type of diabetes in the world
- The body can still produce some insulin on its own. This means that it doesn’t necessarily need insulin injections to function
- Most common in adults
- The cause is often linked to lifestyle and/or genetics
World Diabetes Day is a global movement that aims to spread knowledge about how it is to actually live with diabetes. This year, the focus is on the effect diabetes has on women, and how it affects women in their daily lives. You can read more about this here.
Make sure to join in by sharing information about diabetes, so more people can learn about the condition!